World Diabetes Day

World Diabetes Day (WDD) was created by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and World Health Organization (WHO) in 1991 to combat the growing health threats by diabetes mellitus. Later in 2006, WDD became an official United Nations (UN) Day. WDD is marked each year on November 14th, birth date of Sir Frederick Banting, who co-discovered insulin along with Charles Best on 1922. Discovery of insulin has been able to save the millions of life of people who suffered from diabetes.

WDD, a largest diabetes awareness campaigns, has reached over a large number of populations of over 160 countries across the world. It draws attention to all concerned stakeholders regarding the importance of diabetes and keeps diabetes firmly in public and political spotlight. The main aim of the campaigns include the global driver to promote the importance of taking coordinated and concerted actions to confront diabetes as a critical global health issue.

The diabetes campaigns is marked by blue circle logo adopted since 2006 after the passage of UN resolutions on diabetes. The blue circle signifies the unity of the global diabetes community in response to the diabetes epidemic. WDD campaign focuses on a dedicated theme every year that runs for one or more years.

The theme for World Diabetes Day 2021-23 is Access to Diabetes Care – If Not Now, When? Millions of people with diabetes around the
world do not have access to diabetes care, more marked from the low and middle income countries (LMIC). People with diabetes require ongoing care and support to control their blood sugar and avoid its various sight and life threatening complications.

The theme draws attention of all concerned stakeholders that we cannot wait any longer for "Medicine, technologies, support and care to be made available to all people with diabetes that require them" and "Governments to increase investment in diabetes care and prevention".

Diabetes has been a major public health problem globally. According to IDF, 463 million adults aged 20–79 years worldwide (9.3% of all adults in this age group) had diabetes in 2019 and this number is projected to be 478 million by 2030 and 700 million by 2045 globally. Almost four fifth (79.4%) of people with diabetes live in low and middle-income countries. The increased number of diabetes in LMICs is due to urbanization, sedentary life style, changing in diets with more refined foods, limited treatment facilities and delayed on treatment.

The number of adults with diabetes is expected to increase by 69% in LMICs as compared to only 20% in high income countries from 2010 to 2030. People with diabetes is expected to increase five-fold by 2045 in many South East Asia (SEA) countries.